First Aid Kit
At present, most Chinese families do not have the habit of providing family first aid kits. In fact, in the current increasingly urgent disaster education in China, in order to timely emergency rescue, each family should prepare a first aid kit. The preparation of the first aid kit is not complicated. Here is a list of items that should be included in a family emergency kit.
Family emergency box is divided into three parts:
1, dressing class
Mainly refers to medical gauze, cotton stick, bandage, band aid, etc..
2, equipment category
Mainly refers to the thermometer, disposable medical gloves, tourniquet, medical forceps, scissors, forceps, etc..
External use: alcohol, iodine, gentian violet, cool oil, Yunnan Baiyao, safflower oil, eye drops, analgesic plaster, cure allergy medicine etc..
Medicine: cold medicine, summerheat drugs, painkillers, medicine and digestive medicine of stomach, antidiarrheal, etc..
First, the family first aid kit essential drugs list:
1, first aid manual
The International Red Cross statistics show that only 12% of adults in the world can take emergency measures in emergencies, and only about 5% of them are effective. Many families in the first aid kit and a lot of things, but did not understand the method of first aid. The lack of first aid makes many of us at a loss at the time of the accident, so a first-aid book is the most important. General bookstore can buy emergency manual, online download binding can also be.
The use of mercury body temperature to the first time to drop the mercury column, wipe the armpit sweat clip for 10 minutes, the use of electronic temperature time, you need to put the probe in the position of the need for temperature measurement, until you hear the beep, read the measured value. Household electronic thermometer also has a life, usually in about 5 years.
3, band aid
For small wound, wound dressing, large and medium sizes must have. Waterproof band aid, band aid with medicine to prepare all.
4, sterile gauze
Used to cover the wound. It is not the same as cotton cotton silk may be left on the wound, when removed, it will not affect the wound. It can also be used as a bandage, bandage, elastic, used to bind the wound, without prejudice to the blood circulation. 2 inches for the hand, 3 inches for the foot.
5, triangle towel
Also known as triangular bandage, a variety of uses, can support the injured upper limb, fixed dressing or fracture, etc..
6, round head scissors, pliers, disposable gloves
Round head scissors are more secure and can be used to cut adhesive tape or bandage. When necessary, can also be used to cut clothes. Pliers can be used as a substitute for both hands to hold the dressing, or to remove dirt from the wound. Disposable gloves can prevent direct contact with the wound, to avoid cross infection.
The utility model is mainly used for isolating the gas of the nasal cavity to the wound surface. Need to be reminded that the hands must be washed before and after wearing a change immediately after wearing.
When the rescue in the dark environment, it can be used for lighting, but also for people who do not respond to fainting.
9, 0.9% physiological saline
Used to clean the wound. Based on hygiene requirements, it is best to choose an independent small or medium sized bottle. It should be noted that after the use of the left should be thrown away, do not put into the first aid kit. If not, use unopened distilled water or mineral water instead.
10, disinfection paper towel
For skin cleansing, disinfection, skin can be directly applied to open the package.
11, fresh paper
Use it will not close to the characteristics of the wound, in front of the hospital wrapped burns, burns.
12, ice pack
At the site of bruising, muscle strain, or joint sprain, microvascular contraction may help reduce swelling. Nosebleeds, placed in the forehead of the injured, can help stop bleeding.
13, antibiotic ointment
As for Erythromycin Ointment, aureomycin ointment, knee, elbow abrasions and so on, to protect the exposed skin layer. Note: do not use antibiotic drugs, please see clearly. Or follow the doctor's advice.
14. Topical antihistamines and aspirin (or other over-the-counter analgesics)
Antihistamine drugs are mainly for anti allergy, such as chlorpheniramine, astemizole, diphenhydramine (astemizole) etc..
Analgesics such as aspirin, indomethacin, Compound Aminopyrine Phenacetin Tablets, used to relieve mild to moderate pain, such as headache, joint pain, muscle pain, toothache, neuralgia, dysmenorrhea, should be at least three to five days the amount of hand. If the drug is not improved after 5 hours, please go to the hospital as soon as possible, so as not to delay the disease.